College Accreditation - Regional vs National Accreditation
When choosing which school to attend, it's important to find a college or university that is accredited. Accreditation means that a school has been evaluated by education authorities, to ensure it's offering high quality learning opportunities.
Accreditation is not a "one size fits all" concept. There are different types - including regional, national and specialized accreditation. Once you understand the different classifications, you'll be better equipped to make the college choice that's right for you!
If an online college chooses to apply for regional accreditation, it is evaluated by the regional agency that presides over its home state. These are the only six bodies that can award regional accreditation, and they're all recognized by the U.S. Department of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). You can learn more about these regional accrediting agencies, including which schools they accredit, by visiting their individual Web sites.
In the United States, there are six regional accrediting agencies that each cover a different section of the country. They include:
National accreditation is given by certain CHEA-approved agencies that typically focus on a specific type of education, such as technical, vocational, or distance learning. Any school within the United States may receive national accreditation, provided it meets the purpose and criteria of the specific accrediting agency. Agencies are typically reevaluated every 3 to 5 years to ensure they remain up to the standards of the CHEA.
These agencies may include:
Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges
Accrediting Council for Continuing Education and Training
Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools
Council on Occupational Education
Distance Education Accrediting Commission
Specialized accreditation, also known as program-based accreditation, is awarded to specific programs or departments within a college or university. Specialized accreditation is offered by agencies that represent specific fields of study or professional organizations. These agencies do not accredit entire colleges. Instead, they accredit the programs within certain colleges that prepare students for their industry.
Professionals should also investigate specialized accreditation -- including students who study medicine, engineering, dentistry, nursing, or law as they generally need to graduate from a program with specialized accreditation:
American Medical Association (AMA) accredits medical programs
Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology (ABET) accredits engineering programs
American Dental Association (ADA) accredits dentistry programs.
National Nursing League (NLN) accredits nursing programs
American Bar Association (ABA) accredits law school programs
Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) accredits business and accounting programs
Issue to Consider
Transfer-ability of Credits
While nationally accredited institutions will usually accept credit from regionally or nationally accredited institutions, regionally accredited schools often do not accept credit from nationally accredited institutions.Considering that state colleges and universities are all regionally accredited, and that state schools are an inexpensive local option for many students, this is definitely something to keep in mind.
Another important issue is cost. There are a few nationally accredited schools that may be inexpensive, and low tuition rates can be enticing. However, if you're eligible for financial aid and scholarships, you may be able minimize the cost difference that comes with a regionally accredited school.
Acceptability by Prospective Employers
Realistically speaking, most employersmay not know the difference between the two types of accreditation. However, if you do run into concerns about your school or its accreditation, you may want to direct your employer to the U.S. Department of Education's Web page on accreditation issues.
If you have a specific employer in mind, you might want to ask a Human Resources employee about the school(s) you are considering.